3. [syn: crucifixion, excruciation]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Crucifixion \Cru`ci*fix"ion\ (kr?`s?-f?k"sh?n), n.
1. The act of nailing or fastening a person to a cross, for
the purpose of putting him to death; the use of the cross
as a method of capital punishment.
2. The state of one who is nailed or fastened to a cross;
death upon a cross.
3. Intense suffering or affliction; painful trial.
Do ye prove
What crucifixions are in love? --Herrick.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: the act of executing by a method widespread in the ancient
world; the victim's hands and feet are bound or nailed to a
2: the death of Jesus by crucifixion
3: the infliction of extremely painful punishment or suffering
[syn: crucifixion, excruciation]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
50 Moby Thesaurus words for "crucifixion":
agony, anguish, atrocious pain, beheading, burning,
capital punishment, clawing, cruciation, decapitation, decollation,
defenestration, electrocution, excruciation, execution, fusillade,
garrote, gassing, hanging, hell, hell upon earth, hemlock,
holocaust, horror, judicial murder, laceration, lancination,
lapidation, martyrdom, martyrization, necktie party, nightmare,
passion, persecution, poisoning, purgatory, rack, shooting,
stoning, strangling, strangulation, the ax, the block, the chair,
the gallows, the gas chamber, the guillotine, the hot seat,
the rope, torment, torture
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
a common mode of punishment among heathen nations in early
times. It is not certain whether it was known among the ancient
Jews; probably it was not. The modes of capital punishment
according to the Mosaic law were, by the sword (Ex. 21),
strangling, fire (Lev. 20), and stoning (Deut. 21).
This was regarded as the most horrible form of death, and to a
Jew it would acquire greater horror from the curse in Deut.
This punishment began by subjecting the sufferer to scourging.
In the case of our Lord, however, his scourging was rather
before the sentence was passed upon him, and was inflicted by
Pilate for the purpose, probably, of exciting pity and procuring
his escape from further punishment (Luke 23:22; John 19:1).
The condemned one carried his own cross to the place of
execution, which was outside the city, in some conspicuous place
set apart for the purpose. Before the nailing to the cross took
place, a medicated cup of vinegar mixed with gall and myrrh (the
sopor) was given, for the purpose of deadening the pangs of the
sufferer. Our Lord refused this cup, that his senses might be
clear (Matt. 27:34). The spongeful of vinegar, sour wine, posca,
the common drink of the Roman soldiers, which was put on a
hyssop stalk and offered to our Lord in contemptuous pity (Matt.
27:48; Luke 23:36), he tasted to allay the agonies of his thirst
(John 19:29). The accounts given of the crucifixion of our Lord
are in entire agreement with the customs and practices of the
Roman in such cases. He was crucified between two "malefactors"
(Isa. 53:12; Luke 23:32), and was watched by a party of four
soldiers (John 19:23; Matt. 27:36, 54), with their centurion.
The "breaking of the legs" of the malefactors was intended to
hasten death, and put them out of misery (John 19:31); but the
unusual rapidity of our Lord's death (19:33) was due to his
previous sufferings and his great mental anguish. The omission
of the breaking of his legs was the fulfilment of a type (Ex.
12:46). He literally died of a broken heart, a ruptured heart,
and hence the flowing of blood and water from the wound made by
the soldier's spear (John 19:34). Our Lord uttered seven
memorable words from the cross, namely, (1) Luke 23:34; (2)
23:43; (3) John 19:26; (4) Matt. 27:46, Mark 15:34; (5) John
19:28; (6) 19:30; (7) Luke 23:46.